Italy has 450 islands with a high diversity in size, population, and distance to the mainland. 10.9 % of Italian population (6,500,922 people) lives on the islands. Largest Italian islands and the most populated Italian islands in the Mediterranean, Sicily and Sardinia, have regional governments as defined by the Italian constitution. Smaller islands are governed by the overarching region. In many cases these smaller islands consist of their own municipality.
Clean energy national targets
The Integrated National Energy and Climate Plan for Italy for the period 2021-2030 sets the target for renewables at 30% in gross final consumption of energy in 2030. In the electricity sector, renewable energy generation is projected to reach almost 55% in 2030 (compared to 34.1% in 2017). For heating and cooling a share of 33.9% was set for renewables. In the transport sector, Italy aims to reach 22% by 2030.