Thira applied with the project Energy Upgrades in the Port Infrastructure of Thira for the second call for technical assistance from the Clean energy for EU islands secretariat in April 2022. A Scope Definition meeting took place on 31 May 2022 between DAFNI, Protasis and the Islands secretariat to agree on the final scope of the project and define the tasks. This report is the final deliverable of the project.
Thira (Santorini) is a Greek island in the southern Aegean Sea, receiving around 2 million tourists per year. A large part of these tourists arrives by cruises. Around 800 000 cruisers per year reach Santorini. The main harbour of the island (Athinios) cannot accommodate large cruise ships, so most ships use their engines to hold their positions and tourists are brought on land by ferries. The transport of passengers and vehicles from Santorini (Thira) to the neighbouring island of Thirassia is also performed by a ferry. Due to this presence of cruise ships and ferries, Santorini is among the top European locations affected adversely by air pollution emitted by cruise ships.