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Clean energy for EU islands

Renewable Energy

Clean energy for EU island forum 2024

Discover the transformative potential of clean energy on EU islands at the Clean energy for EU islands forum 2024. Taking place in Pantelleria, Italy, on 14-15 May 2024, this forum embodies the theme "The power of islands: building resilience through renewables."Following a rigorous selection process, 30 islands and island groups have been chosen for support in achieving a fully renewable energy supply.

St. Eustatius

The islands’ electricity use is 16.5 GWh. Still, the demand is growing fast (2% per year) and depends on investments in new grand resorts on the island, such as the envisaged Golden Rock Resort, with an expected installed 700kWp solar park with battery storage/BESS. Statia Utility Company (STUCO) supplies electricity and drinking water. The energy system is transitioning to renewables. Until 2016, power was solely diesel-generated. In March 2016, the inaugural phase of a solar park with a 1.89 MWp capacity began, catering to 23% of the total power needed.


Giannutri is a small Italian island located in the Tyrrhenian Sea off the coast of Tuscany. It is the southernmost island of this archipelago. The island and its nearby marine areas fall under the Arcipelago Toscano National Park and marine sanctuary. Predominantly privately owned, certain sections belong to Italy’s Ministry of the Environment, participating in the Coastal Area Management Programme authorized by the Ministry.Assessing renewable energy is a fundamental step towards the energy transition, as the island is heavily dependent on fossil fuels.

Giglio Island

The island is one of seven that form the Tuscan Archipelago, lying within the Arcipelago Toscano National Park. Giglio means "lily" in Italian, and though the name would appear consistent with the insignia of Medici Florence, it originally derives from the Latin name of the island, Igilium.The island is separated by a 16 km (10 mi) stretch of sea from the nearest point of the mainland, the promontory of Monte Argentario. Mainly mountainous, it consists almost entirely of granite, culminating in the Poggio della Pagana, which rises to 496 m (1,627 ft).


At 4.5 km², Vinön is the largest island in Hjälmaren in the east of Närke in Sweden and part of the east-west oriented archipelago that separates southern Hjälmaren from Storhjälmaren. Vinön is located in Lännäs in the municipality of Örebro. The island has around 100 inhabitants in the two villages of Norra and Södra Vinön.


Bonaire, a Caribbean island grappling with distinctive energy challenges stemming from its geography, population growth, and socio-economic disparities, has exhibited notable progress in transitioning from fossil fuels to renewable energy sources. Despite heavily relying on non-renewable energy, Bonaire is committed to enhancing sustainability. This proposal introduces Technical Assistance for an action plan that builds upon the Sustainable Energy Roadmap.


Inishbofin has prepared an Energy Transition Plan in 2022 and the support from CE4EUI will help to put this plan into action regarding renewable energy.

Arcipelago di Lipari

The Aeolian Archipelago is in the southern Tyrrhenian Sea. It comprises seven islands, six under the Municipality of Lipari (Lipari itself, Vulcano, Panarea, Stromboli, Alicudi and Filicudi). The differences between the islands and the distance between them and from the mainland determine a mosaic of issues: complexity in energy supply, high costs and fossil-based transports. The whole archipelago is non-interconnected between the mainland and among him. The management of the electric grid and the energy production are handled by private actors (S.E.L. srl in Lipari) and ENEL S.p.A.


The electrical system of Psara has for a long time been a wind energy net exporter through its interconnection to the island of Chios. However, the installed intermittent wind capacity can neither cover the island’s electricity needs on a 24/7 basis, nor provide resilience to the local grid or security of supply, in case of interconnection interruption. In such an event, critical infrastructure (water production and distribution systems, telecommunications, Rural Clinic, etc.) could remain out of service.

La Graciosa

The Island of La Graciosa has, for 50 years and until today, an energy and water supply completely dependent on the island of Lanzarote, located 1.5 km away. All the energy and drinking water supplied to La Graciosa is channelled through underwater cables and pipes and comes from processes that, approximately 90%, are derived from the burning of fossil fuels.

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